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...FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD  

 

Society for Uttaranchal Development & Himalayan Action

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UK Experience Article

Experience of Working in Uttarakhand State

Right from its inception in 1999, SUDHA has 14 years of working experience in the State of Uttarakhand. SUDHA’s work has been spread over entire state however some key assignments executed are confined to mainly three Districts Almora, Bageshwar and Pithoragarh, wherein the area is marked by following characteristics:

  • Almora
  • Nainital
  • Bageshwar
  • Pithoragarh
  • Chamoli
  • Rudraprayag
  • Uttarkashi

wherein the area is marked by following characteristics:

  • Inaccessibility, a product of altitude and terrain obstructs mobility; imposes isolation and "closeness" on a system;
  • Fragility, a product of verticality, steep slopes, and other associated biophysical conditions, makes mountain areas most vulnerable to degradation; also prevents a higher intensity of land use and limits both the physical and economic scope of input use;
  • Marginality shares most of the implications of fragility; e.g., limited and low payoff options and the high cost of upgrading resources - a major constraint to sustainable resource-use for high productivity and poverty alleviation;
  • Diversity, or internal heterogeneity, resulting from a high degree of spatial, temporal, physical, and biological variability over short distances; if properly harnessed this offers potential for higher productivity, specialization, however, becomes difficult; and
  • 'Niche' implies potential for products and activities having a comparative advantage over the plains. However, "harnessing with protection" has to be the key focus of interventions addressed to `niche'.


Although the Project Area being covered by SUDHA is marked by intricacies in approach and development yet, the people are now anxious for change in the direction of development assistance. A growing tradition of cooperation through the SHGs movement, especially among women, offers a strong foundation from which innovative initiatives can be launched. High levels of literacy hold promise for quick adoption of improved methods and relevant technologies that are required for sustainable livelihood development.

Research Article

Experience in Undertaking Research Studies/Surveys

SUDHA has been involved in Conducting Studies/Research/Surveys in specific thematic areas in collaboration with agencies viz. JPS Associates (P) Ltd. New Delhi & SMEC India (P) Ltd., New Delhi under Uttaranchal Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (UARWSES) Project; some of which are mentioned below:

§  Feasibility criteria and Selection of GPs for Batch I, SWAJAL-II’ with JPS Associates (P) Ltd. New Delhi, proposed & financially supported by Uttaranchal Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (UARWSES) Project to select Gram Panchayats in Kumaon Region of Uttaranchal as per the feasibility criteria based on aspects viz. need, willingness, available resources, status of existing water supply sources, technical feasibility, costing, status of sanitation & hygiene, status of village institutions and catchment protection.

§  SWAJAL II Engineering Survey with SMEC India (P) Ltd. for Design of Water Supply Schemes under SWAJAl Project.

§  Cluster Level Solar Energy Survey under IREP of MNES funded by UREDA

§  SUDHA has been involved in Conducting detailed PRA Exercise/Situational Analysis/ Digital Mapping using GPS/GIS in 46 Mini Watershed areas of Kosi Catchment Area in District Almora under IWDP.

 

Diagnostic Study of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Districts Uttarakashi and Almora:

SUDHA has undertaken an AES based Study-cum-Survey for MAP based livelihood assessment, mapping and threat assessment of MAP resources and analysis in 06 Cluster of Lamgara, Dhauladevi and Bhaisiyachana Development Blocks of District Almora, and in 03 Clusters of Naugaon and Mori Development Blocks of District Uttarkashi in collaboration with Uttarakhand Parvatiya Aajeevika Samvardhan Company (UPASaC) Almora and DMU ULIPH Uttarkashi. This analysis was primarily undertaken to identifying the critical bottlenecks as well as the types of institutional support and other opportunities available, around which the sub-sector interventions can be designed. Based upon the findings a holistic plan was developed for conservation, development, harvesting, group certification for cultivated and collected MAPs, promotion of MAP based SME, all through intervention of site specific growers / collectors associations. The findings assist in selection of area on the basis of agro-climatic conditions of the region followed by the identification of available natural resources in the region viz. availability of water, soil structure, flora and fauna etc. Selection of farmers has also been done in the project area.

Key Outputs are as follows:

ü  Cluster wise commonly harvested MAPs, location of villages, land use pattern, land being made available ofr MAP cultivation, potential farmers interested in MAP cultivation, their average annual income and an average economic activity projection from MAP cultivation has been included in the plan

ü  Creation of Inventory of Key Medicinal Plants in the Area (as identified)  as available, and suitable species for production

ü  Suggestive measures mentioned, to enhance efficiency, cost effectiveness and upgradation of harvesting, drying, grading, packaging, transportation and storage of medicinal plants.

ü  Suitable species of medicinal plants identified and indicated for cultivation on non-forest lands and establish micro-enterprises for value addition.

ü  Plan developed for intervention in the sub-sector (covering aspects viz. collection & cultivation; value addition at grassroots’ level, propose suitable linkages, pricing and disbursement of proceeds etc. The Plan also encompasses Gantt Chart for MAPs Cluster Development and Implementation Plan for Demonstration of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops.

ü  Projections of Profitability of Selected MAP Crops encompassing Major Inputs, Expected Output, Profitability per nali (in Rupees) of Selected MAP Crops has been precisely mentioned.

ü  Monograph submitted also includes uses of Selected MAPs and Suitable Conditions for their Cultivation

ü  Threat and Risk assessment has also been incorporated in the Plan

Externally Aided Article

Externally Aided Watershed/Rural Development Projects

  • With World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentralized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP):

S.N.

Details of assignments carried out for other institutions/projects

Period From/To

Key Outputs

1.

World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentralized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP) as Divisional Support Agency for Livelihood Enhancement through Agribusiness

April 2008

­Formation of 32 Farmers Interest Groups in 58 Project Villages

­  523 farmers are directly associated with these groups.

­    03 Cooperatives/Federations formed

­  Introduction of appropriate seeds for hill farming has increased crop productivity

­   Linkages with markets have been fostered

­ 02 Agro Processing Centres established in Ganai gangoli and Gangolihat Cluster for Quality Processing, Packaging and Grading of Agri-Produce towards increasing marketability

­Productive Infrastructures viz. Polyhouses, polypits, LDPE tanks, Zero energy cool chambers, mushroom production units have been installed that have been adopted and replicated

­02 Agro Processing Centres has been established in Ganai Gangoli and Gangolihat Cluster.

­01 Spice based processing Centre established in Kimta Village

­01 bakery Unit established in Bankote Cluster, respectively. Hi-tech machinery and bakery equipment have been installed here where products mainly rusk, bun, biscuits and bread are being made.

­Promotion of System of Rice Intensification

­Linkages have been developed VPKAS Almora, GBPAUT, Pantnagar, NABARD, SBI, DCB, RRB, Line Departments and Trading and manufacturing companies like SOS Organic Pvt. Ltd., SP Solvent, Chetna Bakers etc.

 

  • With International Fund For Agriculture Development (IFAD) Aided Uttarakhand Livelihood Improvement Project for Himalayas:

S.N.

Details of assignments carried out for ULIPH in past

Period From/To

Key Outputs

1.

Diagnostic Study of MAP in Six Clusters of Dhauladevi, Lamgara and Bhaisiyachana Development Blocks in Districts Almora and in Three Clusters of Mori and Naugaon Development Blocks in District Uttarkashi (under ULIPH)

October 2009 in District Almora and November –December 2010 in District U’kashi

      Assessment of MAP in the study area in relation to availability, cultivation, conservation, production (including harvesting and procurement)

  Holistic plan developed for conservation,

 Development, harvesting, group certification of cultivated and collected MAPs for both districts,

       Identification of MAP based potential SME in holistic plan

    Identification of potential farmers for cultivation of valuable medicinal and aromatic plants on trial basis.**

2.

Technical Consultancy for Development of 67 Van Panchayat Micro Plans for DMU, Uttarkashi

November-March 2011

  Promotion of  a planned and coordinated approach to delivering development  programs from community perspective

 Assignment carried out using community driven detailed PRA Exercise and Situational Analysis for assessment of strengths and weaknesses of Van Panchayats, Mapping of Natural Resources of Van Panchayat area and thereby prepare a strategic research and development plan for promoting appropriate forestry activities with Van Panchayats

3.

Training-Cum-Demonstration Programmes on Water Management in collaboration with UPASAC Almora and Chamoli

 

December 2008 and December 2009

         Dissemination of low cost water harvesting techniques (LDPE Tanks) for further adoption and replication.

         70 LDPE Tanks created through adoption and replication of the activity which received huge appreciation and recognition

4.

Technical Assignment for Trekking Successful Demo/Enterprise in Uttarkashi Project Area of ULIPH

January -March 2011

         Provided technical assistance in undertaking grading and evaluation of ongoing nonfarm enterprises initiated through ULIPH the findings of which have assisted in opening new prospects of launching area and resource specific innovative enterprises in the project area therein contributing towards enhancing the livelihood of community residing in the region.

5.

Cluster Level Awareness Drive for Community Mobilization towards Popularization of Organic Agriculture Farming

 

Nov. 2009

  Dissemination and inculcation of awareness and knowledge about the advantages of using organic farming techniques

         In field Farmer Scientist face to face interaction for clarifying FAQs

         Increased awareness about the ill effects of chemicals on health and environment Change in the attitude   of community and initiation to adopt the organic methodologies of agriculture

         Increased interest among the farmers for certification of organic farming

6.

Technical Services for organizing Training and Awareness Campaign on Organic Farming in selected clusters of Naugaon and Mori Development Blocks of District Uttarkashi through DMU, ULIPH Uttarkashi

November-March 2011

 Provided technical services for Popularization of Organic Agriculture Farming in selected clusters that has aided in building a supporting environment for UPASaC towards expanding its support services into organic farming sub-sector on large scale in the project area. 

  •   Strengthening Empowerment Processes for SHGs/FIGs/Federations under Uttaranchal Diversified Agricultural Support Project (DASP- UA)- World Bank aided 

S.N.

Details of assignments carried out for DASP in past

Period From/To

Key Outputs

1

Strengthening Empowerment Processes for SHGs/FIGs/Federations under Uttaranchal Diversified Agricultural Support Project (DASP- UA)

February 2003-

February 2004

­          Approximately 2000 SHG members trained

operational capabilities of 250 associated SHGs developed on aspects of Group Formation & Leadership Development, Record Management & Book Keeping, Bank Linkages & Micro financing, Steps of IGP, Formation & Development Steps of Federations, Conflict Resolution etc.

2.

Paryavaran Mahotsava 2003’ in District Almora

July 2003 - August 2003

­          33 days long massive environmental awareness campaign organized   in 11 blocks of District Almora to embrace occasion of International Year of Fresh Water 2003

­          More than 5000 community members mobilized

­          More than 1000 students mobilized through rallies and competitions

­          Established DASP _ Van Aushidhi Van at Village Chaukuni

­          Locale-specific education and communication material developed

­          District, Block and Village Level Goshthis, Cultural Activities including street plays, folk songs, puppet shows organized

22 School Level Competitions with particular emphasis on conducting debates, essays, paintings and general knowledge competitions

 

  •       Community Outreach Project with PLAN INDIA

S.N.

Details of assignments carried out for Plan India in past

Period From/To

Key Outputs

1

Kopal Phase II: Female Foeticide Elimination and Universal Birth Registration Programme

April 2005- September 2009

 

-         mobilized community for increasing coverage under Birth Registrations of children

-         Approximately 1800 late birth registrations done

-         100% current birth registration achieved

-         Facilitated regularized PCPNDT Committee meetings in the District

-         Built linkages and network with Govt. Functionaries (Deputy CMO, DPO, DPRO, Social Welfare/SSA etc)/NGOs/Development Agencies) to work as pressure group against Female Foeticide,

Gram Pradhan of Village Churadi awarded with 100% birth registration achievement award by PLAN INDIA

  •      Technical Support and Supervision of World bank aided Owner driven construction of Houses (ODCH) 

In  June 2013, cloud bursts and heavy to very heavy rainfall hit several parts of the higher reaches of the Himalayas. This unprecedented rainfall resulted in causing extensive landslides at various locations. The districts of Bageshwar, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi were most affected.  About 3,320 houses were fully damaged. The Government of Uttarakhand assisted by the World Bank has appointed

SUDHA as Consulting agency for Technical Support and Supervision for “Owner Driven Construction of Housing (ODCH)”.SUDHA will facilitate the support and supervision towards reconstruction of about 2,402 Owner Driven Construction of Houses (ODCH).

 

S.N.

Particulars

Area

Total

Funds to be monitored

Remark

1

Consulting agency for Technical Support and Supervision for World Bank aided “Owner Driven Construction of Housing (ODCH)”.

Bageshwar, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag and Uttarkashi

2402 houses

1250 lakhs (approx)

On going

 

Participatory Project Article

Executing Participatory Project's involving Social Mobilization of Communities and Livelihood Promotion

SUDHA firmly believes that forming and strengthening the community-based institutions can be the best mechanism to sustain the development process. The peoples’ institutions are strong base for the socio-economic development and empowerment of the local people. SUDHA throughout its journey has been involved in promoting the formation and strengthening of a variety of community-based organizations for collective action and development of a sustainable self-help promotion system. With this it applies a multi-dimensional approach to strengthen these people’s institutions in such a way that the local people are able to get access to and control over the natural, financial and developmental resources through these institutions.

 

o   Community Mobilization & Strengthening 

§  SUDHA possesses diversity, expertise and experience of organizing grassroots into Community based Institutions viz. SHGs, FIGs, Kisan Clubs Farmers Federations etc. under various externally and internally funded projects. SUDHA under its various programme viz. NABARD’s “SHG-Bank Linkage Program”, SGSY Programme of DRDA, IMSVY of GoUA and Regional Rural Bank Takula, have formed and adopted 177 Self Help Groups till date. Self Help Groups (SHGs) of women have been recognized as an effective strategy for the empowerment of rural community in remotest areas. More than 70 percent groups amongst these are Women Self Help Groups. All formed SHGs have been facilitated to open a Savings Bank account with the nearest Commercial/Regional Rural /Cooperative Bank with a view that it is essential to keep the thrift of the SHG safely and also to improve the transparency levels of SHG's transactions.

All 177 SHGs associated with the organization have been linked with banks for account opening. At the same time efforts have also been made towards the grading of 110 progressive SHGs and subsequent CCL of 87 progressive SHGs amongst the target groups as a result of which the limit is being by SHG members towards fulfilling their consumption and productive needs. A total amount of Rs.2448700.00 has been sanctioned to SHGs as CCL. On the other hand, Constant efforts are been made towards grading and CCL of remaining groups as well. 

§  SUDHA with BASIX India-LAMP FUND PROJECT capacitated all SHGs formed by the organization under its various ongoing projects and bring them under a model of Micro-finance and Micro-Entrepreneurship. Efforts are be taken up by the organization in strengthening the 177 Self Help Groups associated with SUDHA through its various programmes, all aimed at connecting self-help groups of poor people with banks and initiate micro-entrepreneurship under various sub-sectors with the use of local resources and skills most suiting their interests.

§  SUDHA  with DRDA Almora launched a spices processing unit at Bhikiyasain which is centrally located to cover Sult, Syalde and Bhikiyasain development blocks which are rich source of raw spices cultivation. The Unit is being promoted for the SHGs formed under SGSY. A total of 913 SHGs are being cover through this unit wherein the capacities of these SHGs through skill upgradation and technical trainings was enhanced. These SHGs have been further amalgamated to form a Farmers Federation 'Ramganga Federation' which is running the unit even after the project withdrawal. Products in processed form Haldi, Mirch, Dhania spices are packaged and marketed under the brand name 'Hill Fresh. The products through this Unit are being marketed through various channels viz. rural outlets supported through NABARD Venture Capital at Almora, SARAS, Trade Fairs, Farmers Fairs etc. Besides SUHDA has also established linkages with Company/Distributors like SOS Organics, Almora, Himjoli, Haldwani, TDC,Haldi Pant Nagar, S.P. Solvent, Rudrapur, Kuldeep Trader ,Jaipur etc. 

§  Kisan Clubs and Farmers Federation: Besides SUDHA in collaboration with NABARD has formed 15 Kisan Clubs in Someshwar region of Takula Development Block, that are being strengthened for technological interventions in farm and non-farm activities. SUDHA under World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentrlized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP) as Divisional Support Agency for Livelihood Enhancement through Agribusiness mobilized community in the form of 32 Farmers Interest Groups in 58 Project Villages of Gangolihaat Division (District Pithoragarh). Besides 03 Federations were formed which are running Agro Processing Unit, Spices Processing Unit and Bakery Unit respectively and are contributing in fostering agribusiness in the region, details as mentioned herein:

·         Course  Millet   Bakery Unit-     (Bhattigaun, Pithoragarh)

·         Agro Process sing Unit -2 (one in Gangolihat  and one in Ganai- Gangoli, Pithoragarh)

·         Spices Processing Unit- (Village-Kimta, Pithoragarh)

·         Spices Processing Unit- (Bhikasain, Almora)

 §  Total number of SHGs promoted – State, district and block wise

State

District

Block

No.

Project

Uttarakhand

 

Almora

Sult

358

DRDA

Syaldey

214

DRDA

Bhikyasain

341

DRDA

Takula

83

NABARD, SHPI

Hawalbagh

25

NABARD, SHPI

Pithoragarh

Gangolihat

34

UDWDP, GRAMYA

 

State

District

Block

No.

Credit Linked with Bank

Producer Organization

Uttarakhand

Almora

Sult

358

358

1

Syaldey

214

214

1

Bhikyasain

341

341

1

Takula

83

80

0

Hawalbagh

25

25

0

Pithoragarh

Gangolihat

34

0

3

 

State

District

No of Federation

Uttarakhand

Almora

01

Pithoragarh

03

 

§  SUDHA under World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentralized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP) as Divisional Support Agency for Livelihood Enhancement through Agribusiness mobilized community in the form of 32 Farmers Interest Groups in 58 Project Villages of Gangolihaat Division (District Pithoragarh). Besides 03 Federations were formed which are running Agro Processing Unit, Spices Processing Unit and Bakery Unit respectively and are contributing in fostering agribusiness in the region. Various Community Mobilization efforts made by SUDHA under various project have contributed in:

i.      The group-based approach in Social mobilization have enabled members to acquire space and effective `say’ in the development processes.

ii.    The SHGs have  been  amalgamated to form Federations which now are apex structures of SHGs.

iii.   Capacities of CBOs have been build enabling them to effectively take part in planning, implementation, evaluation and governance processes.

iv.   Institution building of collective done to deal with sectoral issues on a sustainable basis, wherever required.

 

In the area of Strengthening Community based Institutions and promoting Livelihoods these institutions have been continuously facilitated and strengthened for technological interventions in farm and non-farm activities through various interventions with agencies such as NABARD, BASIX, DRDA, UWCDS, UDWDP. With UDWDP SUDHA has worked to provide services on various aspects of Group Dynamics, Technology Support, Pre and Post Harvest Management, Value Addition, Supply Chain Management etc.  for agri business promotion. Under this Federations are running Bakery Unit, Agro Processing and Spices Processing Units that in turn have significantly fostered agribusiness in the region. With NABARD the organization has linked the groups with its Bee Keeping Project under RIF to foster honey production activity as a sub sector livelihood. In similar lines we have established a Spices Processing Unit at Bhikiyasain (through support from DRDA) that is again being run by Farmers Federation and their product being marketed in National, State and local levels platform through assistance of agencies viz. NABARD, SARAS etc. and have generated substantial income returns from sales recorded so far.

 

o   Handling Livelihood Promotion Projects

 

§  As Divisional Support Agency For Livelihood Enhancement Through Agribusiness Under World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentrlized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP):SUDHA (since April 2007) was associated with World Bank Aided Uttarakhand Decentrlized Watershed Development Project (UDWDP) as Divisional Support Agency for Livelihood Enhancement through Agribusiness in 117 Revenue Villages of 43 Gram Panchayats covering a population of 24900 spread across 11896 Ha. area in Gangolihaat Development Block of District Pithoragarh.  Following were the achievements of the project.The Key Outputs/Achievements in direction of fostering Entrepreneurship under Agribusiness Projectwere:

­          Establishment of Agro Processing Center (APC) in Ganai Gangoli: run by the members of Farmers Cooperatives to foster mechanical processing of food commodities for marketing purposes to not only increase the tendency of market oriented production among farmers but also generate income better return with increased market demand. Thus the establishment of APC facilitated in creating a market demand for fresh food grains which induce the farmer to produce surplus to earn more money, thereby, increasing the productivity. In the APC machines viz. Grain cleaner, Mini Dal Mill (Pulse milling plant), Grain mill (Plate type atta chakki of 300-350 mm diameter), Millet thresher cum pearler, Masala Chakki (Spice grinder) and a 10 hp electric motor for operating the machines has been installed till  now. The final products thereby produced are being marketed under the Brand Name ‘Hill Fresh’ which mainly include Madua Flour, Madua Biscuits (200 gm Packs), Dried Mango Powder, Spices Powder (Coriander), Mixed flour (5 in 1), Barnyard Millet, Rice flour, Maize Flour etc.

­          Promoting alternative income generating activities viz. Processing of Potato and Banana Chips in Gangolihaat Cluster, Mushroom Units in Dasaithal.

­          Promotion of major enterprises (mainly Mother Poultry Units, fodder nurseries) with potential entrepreneurs identified through Rural Entrepreneurship Development Programmes.

­          Establishing marketing and agro-processing linkages between farmers groups, markets and private processors through 03 Cooperatives/Federations in the Project area.

­          Establishment of 01 Bakery unit in project area is under progress for making of Millet Biscuits, Cake/Rusk etc.

­          DSA (SUDHA) tied up with VPKAS, Almora for setting up Agro Processing Center by Individual Farmers (under its Financial Assistance to SC Categories for Entrepreneurship Promotion). This Unit was established in Ganai by a SC Farmer Mr. Chandra Shekhar, Vill/Post: Gunakitan (Gangolihaat).

­          Market Linkages Fostered for upscaling Agribusiness and Entrepreneurship: SUDHA has tied up through NABARD Uttarakhand’s Regional Office in Pithoragarh to establish Rural Outlets in Dasaithal and Gangolihaat respectively which will assist in increasing the consumer accessibility to the local produces which will play the vital role toward promotion of local agri-produces.

 

§  Establishment of Masala Processing Unit at Bhikiyasain for Potential SHGs under SGSY in Bhikiyasain, Sult and Syalde Development Block funded by DRDA Almora under NRLM:

 

SUDHA in collaboration with DRDA Almora established a Masala Processing Unit at Bhikiyasain for potential SHGs formed under SGSY in potential clusters of Sult, Syalde and Bhikiyasain Development Blocks of District Almora. THe UNit has been launched for as a SME Sbu sector activity for existing groups of SGSY by bringing them under a single platform as Federation, building their capacities in various aspects of group dynamics, financial management, institutional development, operational procedures etc. In the Unit installation of  hi tech machinery for grading processing, packaging has taken place and spices where raw spices are beinfg processed with value addition and further marketed under brand name Hill Fresh. This project has been successful in enabling expanding community outreach and providing them an alternative source of income generation.

 

 

 

§  Bee Keeping Project under NABARD’s Rural Innovation Fund:

The given bee keeping project aims to empower economically the grassroot level people residing in selected cluster of Gangolihat Development Block of District Pithoragarh. With bees keeping skills and capacity as way of addressing rural poverty and general health issues. The Bees keeping is emerging in Hills as a successful agricultural practice for local people in rural areas. Under the proposed project 40 bee boxes have been installed in villages of selected cluster. The major goals of this project are to provide new income scheme for the community and to alleviate poverty through the training and support of local people in the practice of beekeeping. Moving towards sustainability the project is contributing in the poverty alleviation of the target population, empowering the beneficiaries, contributing to the improvement of health conditions of the beneficiaries as well to the social-economic status in the target community.

 

 

 

 

o   Institutional Development Programme for SHGs and Federations

 

Training is an integral part of SUDHAs activities. The organizatiom has a strong and efficient team of trainers who are engaged in imparting various capability building trainings to the development actors at all levels – Local communities, CBOs and Public Representatives. Through the capacity building trainings, Ha attempt is made to build knowledge, increase awareness levels and develop the skills of development actors to enable & empower them to understand, plan and work according to the needs and priorities of the local people. By building the confidence, knowledge and increasing the leadership ability, these trainings prepare the development actors to face challenges emerging from rapid changes that are taking place in the social, economic and cultural spheres at local, national and international level. Major target groups  for which the trainings are organized include Community based Organisations, their Federations and Cooperatives, Entrepreneurs and Micro-Enterprises, Governance Institutions (PRIs), youth and children.

SUDHA has been instrumental in the formation of various community-based organizations such as the Women Self-help Groups (SHGs), Farmers Interest Groups (FIGs), Farmers Federation under various project implemented so far.

To strengthen and empower these institutions, SUDHA has organized a series of training camps, workshops, educational exposure tours and Interface with technical institutions periodically in the areas of internal management of the institutions, leadership building, facilitating access to bank linkages and social security schemes, inter-loaning, increasing production and quality control and legal aspects. Training is also given in the areas of Entrepreneurship development, Marketing skills and Rural market linkages. Improving market infrastructure, market operations and diversification into higher-value products (through Spices Processing Unit, Agro Processing Unit, Dairy Outket, Bakery Unit) was simultaneously fostered so as to play a significant role. An attempt was made to successfully link smallholders to commercial value chains so that enable diversification into higher-value products and foster agribusiness prospects.

SUDHA has been involved in sensitising the local communities on various need-based issues through trainings, seminars and workshops on group dynamics, watershed management, water harvesting and conservation, bio-composting etc. making constant efforts for community empowerment. A series of community-oriented skill upgradation, capacity building training programmes for SHGs have been organized by the organization, viz.:

§  Self Help Group (SHG) Formation and Leadership Development

§  SHG Record Management and Book Keeping

§  Income Generation Programmes for SHGs

§  Bank Linkages and Micro-financing

§  Steps of IGP for Empowered SHGs

§  Formation and Development Steps of Federations

§  Conflict Resolution among SHGs

§  Training on Reforming Local Self Governance Institutions 

§  Training on Entrepreneurship and Rural Marketing Linkages Development  

§  Effective Communication and Facilitation Training

§  Extension Worker Development  Training

 

o   Monitoring and Evaluation of Watershed Development Projects:

 

SUDHA is the Monitoring Support Agency of Uttarakhand Institute of Rural Development (UIRD), Rudrapur since the Year 2004. As  Monitoring Agency SUDHA possesses requisite experience of preparing monitoring and evaluation projects particularly in reference to watershed management for UIRD. By far it has adequate experience of preparing mid-term and final monitoring reports based on key deliverables and socio-economic and biophysical indicators. All sample sizes of the below mentioned evaluation assignments were visited by the team comprising experts from various fields needed to conduct the evaluations. The team  monitors the activities executed undertaken as per watershed components such as institutional building, water conservation and harvesting, soil and moisture conservation, agriculture and allied components, income generation, post project preparedness for major gaps, case studies and suggest essential improvements wherever needed. SUDHA has undertaken evaluation of GoI sponsored Watershed Projects, details of which are as given below:

S.N.

Particular

Area

Total Watershed Sites

Year & Funds involved

Remark

1.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP -Batch VII

07 Development Blocks of District Almora

58

2004-05

Fund Evaluated: 272.63 Lakhs

M&E of watershed development projects was undertaken with an objective to evaluate the project by analyzing the sector-wise physical & financial achievements of the programme components with respect to quality, utility of benefits, impacts, constraints and sustainability.

 

The report formulated analysed, interpreted, reflected the impact of benefits and suggests remedial measures to be adopted in the light of experiences gained in the project in order to ensure sustainable integrated development of watersheds under the programme.

 

Second Installment to all above Watershed Projects has been released based upon the recommendations of the Report submitted to GOI.

2.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP)

02 Development Blocks of District Bageshwar

11

2004-05

Fund Evaluated: 118.13 Lakhs

3.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP-HARIYALI (Batch IX )

07 Development Blocks of District Almora

65

2005-06

Fund Evaluated: 283.69 Lakhs

4.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP -Batch VIII 

07 Development Blocks of District Almora

48

2005-06

Fund Evaluated: 272.63 Lakhs

5.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP)

Nainidanda Block of District Pauri Garhwal

14

2006-07

Fund Evaluated: 123.01 Lakhs

6.

Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI)

Dhauladevi Development Block of District Almora

14

2007-08

Fund Evaluated: 132.40 Lakhs

7.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP-HARIYALI (Batch X)

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

56

2007-08

Fund Evaluated: 270.66 Lakhs

8.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI)-Nainidanda II 

Nainidanda Block of District Pauri Garhwal

21

2008-09

Fund Evaluated: 95.72 Lakhs

9.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI-II)

Rekhadikhaal Block of District Pauri Garhwal

34

2008-09

Fund Evaluated: 155.13 Lakhs

10.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch IX

Lohaghaat (District Champawat)

11

2008-09

Fund Evaluated: 96.82 Lakhs

11.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch X

Lohaghaat (District Champawat)

13

2008-09

Fund Evaluated: 81.12 Lakhs

12.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI)

Rudrapur, Jaspur and Kashipur Blocks of District U.S.Nagar

27

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 140.562 Lakhs

13.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP-HARIYALI-III (Batch XI)

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

74

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 325.85 Lakhs

14.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VII– Closure Evaluation

Lohaghaat (District Champawat)

09

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 106.65 Lakhs

15.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VIII-Closure Evaluation

Lohaghaat (District Champawat)

09

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 40.20 Lakhs

16.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch I

Pati Development Block (District Champawat)

13

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 154.61 Lakhs

17.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP-HARIYALI (Batch XII)

Champawat  Development Block (District Champawat)

05

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 65.23 Lakhs

18.

Drought Prone Areas Programme DPAP-HARIYALI (Batch IV)

Bin & Gangolihat Development Block (District Pithoragarh)

28

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 134.19 Lakhs

19.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch IV

Didihat & Munsiyari Block (District Pithoragarh)

20

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 145.11 Lakhs

20.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch V

Munakot Block (District Pithoragarh)

12

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 145.875 Lakhs

21.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch VI

Dharchula Block (District Pithoragarh)

06

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 115.35 Lakhs

22.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch VII

Berinag

Block (District Pithoragarh)

34

2009-10

Fund Evaluated: 142.84 Lakhs

23.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch III

Nainidanda & Pokhra

Block District Pauri

49

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 255.90 Lakhs

24.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VIII

10 Development Blocks of  District Pauri

30

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 387.985  Lakhs

25.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch III-HARIYALI

Hawalbag Development Block District Almora

41

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 133.31 Lakhs

26.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP-HARIYALI) Batch XII

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

63

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 282.00 Lakhs

27.

Integrated Wasteland Development Project (IWDP-HARIYALI)

Bageshwar & Garur

Block District Bageshwar

44

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 135.70 Lakhs

28.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP-HARIYALI) Batch XI

10 Development Blocks of  District Pauri Garhwal

114

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 261.84 Lakhs

29.

Integrated Wasteland Development Project (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch IV

Bhimtal

Development Block District Nainital

24

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 140.12 Lakhs

30.

Integrated Wasteland Development Project (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch IV

Lamgara & Dholadevi

Development Block District Almora

11

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 84.68 Lakhs

31.

Integrated Wasteland Development Project (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch V

Chaukutia

Development Block District Almora

33

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 159.26 Lakhs

Shortly undertaken Project Completion Monitoring & Evaluation Assignments:-

 

32.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP) Batch I – Final Evaluation

Hawalbag, Bhaisiyachana  & Chaukutia Block District Almora

29

2010-11

Fund Evaluated: 393.19 Lakhs

Project Completion Reports submitted

33.

Integrated Wasteland Development Programme (IWDP-HARIYALI) Batch IIFinal Evaluation

Dhauladevi Development Block District Almora

14

2011-12

Fund Evaluated: 296.14 Lakhs

34.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VI – Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

52

2011-12

Fund Evaluated: 562.03 Lakhs

35.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VII – Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

58

2011-12

Fund Evaluated: 624.52 Lakhs

36.

 

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) Batch VIII – Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

48

2011-12

Fund Evaluated: 567.30 Lakhs

37.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP-HARIYALI) Batch X– Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

56

2011-12

Fund Evaluated: 614.68 Lakhs

38.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP-HARIYALI) Batch IX– Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

65

On-going

(Field evaluation completed and report formulation is under process)

 

39.

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP-HARIYALI) Batch XI– Final Evaluation

07 Development Blocks of District Almora 

73

             

 

Significant Outputs:

  • Monitoring Evaluation of aforesaid projects by SUDHA has received due recognition in the State on account of the fact that all these monitoring have been carried out ensuring transparency and due participation by stakeholders at all levels with vigor and zeal.
  • Developing a data collection, analysis and feedback plan for the project’s implementation and social impact was given due attention. :
  • The reports so far formulated analyzed, interpreted, reflected the impact of benefits and suggests remedial measures to be adopted in the light of experiences gained in the project in order to ensure sustainable integrated development of watersheds under the programme. Second Installment to all above Watershed Projects has been released based upon the recommendations of the Report submitted to GOI.
  • Wherever Final Monitoring and Evaluation has been taken, new watershed development project has been launched in line of the recommendation made by the monitoring agency that a new project needs to be launched keeping community needs into due consideration.

 

§  SUDHA is also empanelled member under Panchayat Empowerment and Accountability Incentive Scheme (PEAIS) Uttarakhand.

 

The role of the organization is to monitor the functioning of PRIs in the State through visits to panchayats and suggest measures for improvement and conduct trainings for their capacity building.

 

 

o   SUDHA'S Experience in Preparation of Development Plans/Research Studies and Surveys

 

SUDHA has vast experience in the field of planning chiefly in preparing thematic Plans, Research Studies and Surveys for the State Government and Central Government Schemes. In this direction SUDHA has undertaken the following assignments:

 

§  SUDHA as Consulting Agency developed Five Year Perspective Plans under National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA for the following districts:

S.N.

Title of the Project

Start date

Completion date

Funding Agency

Names of contact  persons

1.

Development of Perspective Plan of 644 GPs in 08 Developments Blocks under NREGA of District Pithoragarh

February 2008

Completed & Plan Submitted

DM Pithoragarh

Mr. Centhil Pandeyan, DM, Pithoragarh

2.

Development of Perspective Plan of 1146 GPs in 11 Developments Blocks under NREGA of District Almora

March 2008

Completed & Plan Submitted

DM Almora

Ms. Nidhimani Tripathi, DM Almora

3.

Development of Perspective Plan of 450 GPs in 08 Blocks under NREGA of District Nainital

March 2008

Completed & Plan Submitted

DM Nainital

Mr. Amit Negi,

DM Nainital

4.

Development of Perspective Plan of 397 GPs in 03 Developments Blocks under NREGA of District Baeshwar

July 2009

Completed & Plan Submitted

DM Bageshwar

Mr. D. S. Garbiyal

DM Bageshwar

  

Key Outcomes/Impacts:

The GP Wise Plans developed were compiled to develop Block Level Plan which have been further developed as District Level Perspective Plans. The Perspective Plans of Districts Almora, Nainital and Pithoragarh have been submitted to the State Governments, which have been approved and sanctioned.

ü  Classification of plan at village level has been done on the basis of Proposed Infrastructure, Missing Infrastructure, and Repair Infrastructure.

ü  The key highlight of the programme is that it projects Activity wise Cost and Employment Generation details for Proposed Infrastructure,  Missing Infrastructure, Repair Infrastructure at each Gram Panchayat level for Five Years

ü  The Plan also gives a projection Activity Wise Budget Allocation under Proposed Infrastructure,  Missing Infrastructure, Repair Infrastructure

ü  Accordingly Block and District wise summary of Cost, Employment Generation, Budget allocation has been done.

o    The Plan has received wide appreciation at Block, District and State Level due to its feasibility and viability

 

§  Development of Panchayat Perspective Plan under Rajeev Gandhi Panchayatiraj Shashaktikaran Abhiyaan (RGPSA) F.Y. 2013-17: Recently SUDHA prepared Five Years Panchayat Perspective Plan under Rajeev Gandhi Panchayatiraj Shashaktikaran Abhiyaan (RGPSA) scheme. The Plan has been prepared for strengthening of panchayats in Uttarakhand and covers Current status and challenge whein an efforts has been made to highlight the structure of panchayat, manpower and infrastructure availability, status of devolution (Functionaries and Finances), functioning and accountability, status of capacity building and training, status of panchayat department and NGOs, Physical Structures of Panchayats, e-connectivity, adoption of common core application, social audit etc., the Panchayats Vision and goals along with Strategies and activities to strengthen manpower, GP building, capacity building and training, institutional structure, e-enablement, support to panchayat process, support to gram sabhas,  program management, IEC, support to SECs and SFCs, innovative activities in state. With all above Annual action plans  and Budget projects for strengthening of panchayats in the Five Year Perspective Plan has been given.

 

§  Development of NREGS Process Study Report

 

SUDHA with Uttarakhand Institute of Rural Development (UIRD), Rudrapur has conducted and prepared a Process Study Report of NREGS Programme that was initially started in Districts Chamoli and Champawat highlighting Impact of Planning and Implementation of National Rural Guarantee Schemes (NREGS) in Uttarakhand State.  The report is a comprehensive collection of all findings of review undertaken in to assess the efficacy of the programme in terms of attaining its objectives and predominantly its impact on empowerment and economic development of Gram Panchayats and local communities residing in the area.

 

 

§  Evaluation Study of DPAP (1995-96) in selected 05 hill District of Uttarakhand:

SUDHA with UIRD conducted the Five District Study in 63 completed watersheds (of Almora, Chamoli, Pithoragarh, Pauri and Tehri Garhwal) from those watersheds that were taken up for implementation since 1995-96, to assess the efficacy and impact of the project in micro-watershed as well as on empowerment and economic development of local communities residing in the watershed area. The findings of the Study contend that the programme needs to be restructured significantly, if the watershed development approach has to deliver what it promises. Such a restructuring must clearly embrace a normative framework that treats livelihoods, productivity, sustainability, equity and decentralised governance as its central concerns, and must be based on strategies that respond to the varying socio-ecological contexts and past experiences with implementation.

 

§  Pre-feasibility Study on Bee Keeping Project under NABARD’s Rural Innovation Fund:

Baseline Study for assessment of Bee Keeping as sub-sector livelihood activity was undertaken in Gangolihaat Development Block of Pithoragarh District. Through this study an attempt was made to study the potential and prospects of bee keeping as an livelihood activity for farmers practicing the activity traditionally. With bees keeping skills and capacity as way of addressing rural poverty and general health issues. The Bees keeping is emerging in Hills as a successful agricultural practice for local people in rural areas. The major goals of this project are to provide new income scheme for the community and to alleviate poverty through the training and support of local people in the practice of beekeeping. Moving towards sustainability the project is contributing in the poverty alleviation of the target population, empowering the beneficiaries, contributing to the improvement of health conditions of the beneficiaries as well to the social-economic status in the target community.

 

§  Pre-feasibility Study In Urban Areas of District Almora of Uttarakhand State  under PCPNDT Project (PNDT Division, MoH&FW,GoI)

This study examined trends in Child sex ratio (CSR) in district almora of Uttarakhand over last decade, possible causes for decline, role of PCPNDT act, its implementation and other relevant issues. The purpose of the study was to know the implementation status of PCPNDT ACT in District Almora and social consequences of female foeticide along with finding the current scenario  of girl child by finding the sex ratio in 0-6 years children and how it relates to the issue of female foeticide. Comparative analysis between the available systems (both scientific and traditional) for eliminating the female foetus and their status (availability /locations, legality, setups, their role, functions) at project area was also focused.

 

Under Construction

 

Experience

Experience of Working In Uttarakhand State

Right from its inception in 1999, SUDHA has 14 years of working experience in the State of Uttarakhand. SUDHA’s work has been spread over entire state however some key assignments executed are confined to mainly three Districts Almora, Bageshwar and Pithoragarh. 

Accolades

ACCOLADES

On account of all capacity building initiatives taken up for empowerment of CBOs associated with the organization, SUDHA received the ‘2nd Excellence Award 2011’ instituted by the State Bank of India, Delhi Circle. The Award recognizes SUDHA’s outstanding performance/contribution in the field of Capacity Development of Rural people. SUDHA has also received Plan Global Awards 2010 for Best Project Design & Implementation for UMANG Project which focuses on Child Rights and Child Centered Community Development.

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